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பாவம் செய்யாது இரு மனமே , நாளை கோபம் செய்தே எமன் கொண்டோடிப்போவன்

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Lesson 1 - Malayalam Introduction

Malayalam is the languages spoken in Kerala. It is one of the four Dravidian languages. It is supposed to be derived from Ancient Tamil. Almost eighty percent of words used in Malayalam are sanskrit words. Although Malayalam is most likely to be derived from Tamil, infact the Malayalam script is mostly based on the sanskrit. While Tamil has only 18 consonants, Malayalam like other Indian languages like Telugu, Kannada, Hindi etc which are derived from sanskrit, has 36 consonantas almost the double of that of Tamil consonants.

Malayalam script is a brahmic script used to write the malayalam language. It is an abugida, a writing system that is partially alphabetic and partially syllable-based.

In these series of lessons you will learn to identify the various symbols/alphabets of malayalam script, and then you will learn to write the script. You can always download the worksheets available at Downloads section of languagereef

 

 

Lesson 1 - Introduction

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Last Updated on Monday, 30 July 2012 22:50 Written by Administrator Tuesday, 07 December 2010 09:51

Telugu is a dravidian language spoken by the people of Andhra Pradesh.

It is derived from the word Telinga, which is same as Trilinga, meaning country of the three lingams(from the Sanskrit tri three and linga the emblem of Siva). There is a tradition that the God Siva, in the form of a lingam, descended upon the three mountains named Kaleswaram, Srisailam and Bhimeswaram, and that these three lingams marked the boundaries of the country.

Telugu is remarkable for its melody of sound, which has gained for it the name of Italian of India. Even Mahakavi, Bharathiyar in his poetry mentions Telugu as sundara Telugu(beautiful Telugu).

In common conversations, a single word, or short phrase is often used to convey the meaning of a whole sentence. Pronouns and the verb to be are frequently omitted.

Telugu, like many others, may be viewed as consisting of three branches, namely 1 - common conversational languages, 2. the language of prose books and 3 - the language of poetry.

Telugu language has 16 vowels and 36 consonants.

Vowels can either written on their own and when they combine with consonants they take the form of vowel signs. In the lessons to follow you will learn to write and recognize the alphabets of the telugu languages using telugu writing videos.

Watch the above video and see how the vowels occur on their own in the words. The pictures and english transliteration help you to sound out the word. In the telugu writing video you can see how to write them.

 

Lesson 1 - Introduction

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Tamil is considered one of the oldest languages in the world. It is a dravidian language spoken by Tamil People of the Indian Subcontinent.Tamil literature existed for over 3000 years.

So we will begin with an introduction to  the tamil alphabets and the tamil script.

Some special points about the script - the script is written from left to right like English. It has no capital letters. To end a sentence we use a full stop (.)

Tamil Language has 12 vowels(uyirezhuththu) and 1 special letter called Ayudha ezhuththu. There are 18 consonants/mai ezhuthu. Ezhuththu is letter in tamil.

 

அ(a)

ஆ(A)

இ(i)

ஈ(I)

உ(u)

ஊ(U)

எ(e)

ஏ(E)

ஐ(ai)

ஒ(o)

ஓ(O)

ஔ(au)

ஃ(ag)

 

 

The 18 consonants are as follows

க்(ik)

ங்(ing)

ச்(ich)

ஞ்(inj)

ட்(it)

ண்(iN)

த்(ith)

ந்(in)

ப்(ip)

ம்(im)

ய்(iy)

ர்(ir)

ல்(il)

வ்(iv)

ழ்(izh)

ள்(il)

ற்(ir)

ன்(in)

 

 

 

Practise the above alphabets using the flashcards available at Tamil Flash Cards Vowels

Read more: Lesson 1 - Introduction